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Porotech develops ‘world’s first’ native red InGaN microdisplay

20 Oct 2021

Cambridge University spinoff says breakthrough will help accelerate the commercialization of AR glasses.

A microdisplay breakthrough from University of Cambridge spin-out Porotech is set to accelerate the long-awaited commercialization of augmented reality (AR) glasses. The micro-LED pioneer has created the first microdisplay based on native red indium gallium nitride (InGaN) – with an active area of 0.55 inches diagonally and a resolution of 960x540.

Until now, it has only been possible to produce blue and green microdisplays using GaN-based light-emitting devices – with red emission relying on devices based on aluminum indium gallium phosphide (AlInGaP). But AllnGaP struggles at the small pixel sizes required by AR, so there is a drastic efficiency drop as the device size decreases. And, to produce a full-colour display, the light from different panels has had to be combined.

The Porotech achievement means that, for the first time, all three light-emitting elements can be produced using a single toolchain – and it removes the complexities of mixing devices based on different material structures.

‘Game changer’

“AR technology is set to be a game changer and micro-LEDs are particularly vital for the advancement of AR interfaces,” said Porotech CEO and co-founder Dr Tongtong Zhu. “In traditional liquid crystal displays (LCDs) the image is a result of both modulating and filtering the light from a white back-lighting module.

“As such, most of the light created by the panel is wasted by the very working principle of the display. In addition to this inefficiency, the various filtering, diffusion and modulation stages of the LCD display impose limits on how lightweight the final display can be.

“Emissive display technologies, on the other hand, only produce the light that is required of them – allowing for the final devices to potentially achieve much higher efficiencies,” added Dr. Zhu.

Self-emitting displays based on inorganic semiconductors can also be produced in monolithic fashion, allowing them to more easily scaled down than traditional LCD or organic semiconductor displays – allowing for smaller, lighter, brighter and reliable high-resolution displays to be made.

The barrier so far has been the need to combine light-emitting devices based on different material structures. One solution has been the use of prisms – but this is a relatively large and bulky approach. Stacking emitting layers on top of each other is another option but this results in the light emitted by each color coming from a different depth in the display. Combining LEDs from different materials onto one panel horizontally is an alternative approach – but this requires high precision in placing each individual LED element and other optical components.

“Porotech's new class of porous GaN semiconductor material enables the creation of efficient and bright native red InGaN micro-LEDs and microdisplays,” said Dr Zhu. "This has been the missing piece of the puzzle until now. As well as reducing costs, the bright native red can push the maximum achievable wavelength to 640nm and beyond – a first for microdisplay visualization.”

Former Arm executive Helen Adams joins Porotech

Last month, Porotech announced the appointment of former Arm executive Helen Adams as chief commercial officer (CCO). During her 11 years at Cambridge-based chip designer Arm, Helen rose through the ranks to become vice-president of sales for Europe and the Asia Pacific region – leading a team delivering $1 billion annual sales revenue.

“With a track record of success in technology sales and sales management in the semiconductor industry, Helen is an excellent fit for our growing business,” said Porotech CEO and co-founder Dr Tongtong Zhu. “We are already seeing high levels of demand for our products and in June we raised £3 million to fund further development work. Helen's appointment is the next step along our scale-up trajectory.”

Despite only spinning out in January, 2020, Porotech has been generating revenue for 13 months, with a string of repeat orders – and is working with some of the biggest global names in display technology. In November 2020, the company launched the world's first commercial native red indium gallium nitride (InGaN) LED epiwafer for micro-LED applications. And last month it announced its first partnership – with Jade Bird Display in China, a developer of micro-LED display technology.

Materion Precision CoatingOmicron-Laserage Laserprodukte GmbHMaterion Balzers OpticsTechnoTeam Bildverarbeitung GmbHDelta Optical Thin Film A/SAlluxaAvo Photonics
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