21 Jun 2017
Technical inventors benefiting society recognized by European Patent Office’s Inventor Awards 2017, last week in Venice.European Inventor Award 2017 at a ceremony on June 15th in Venice.
This year the EPO recognized achievements in the fields of medical diagnostics, satellite navigation, medical imaging, oil spill management and immunisation. Category winners included:
EPO President Benoît Battistelli commented, “These inventors have not only contributed to furthering technological development, their patented inventions have had a major social and economic impact – from life-saving medical advances and materials to protect our environment to satellite navigation technologies that bring us closer together.”
Notable winners working in the photonics-related sector were James G. Fujimoto, Eric A. Swanson and Robert Huber (USA, Germany), whose work is in the field of high-resolution medical imaging (OCT).
Their development allows doctors and clinicians to examine soft body tissue and blood vessels without invasive probing or surgical biopsies thanks to the breakthrough of optical coherence tomography – the increasingly-widely used “OCT” – technology developed by this team of two US engineers and German physicist.
Now a standard in ophthalmology, OCT technology has given doctors a new tool to diagnose serious eye diseases at early, treatable stages, preventing vision loss and serious complications in countless cases. OCT's applications have been expanded to a range of medical fields.
The principle behind OCT is similar to ultrasound. But instead of sound waves, the system uses the "echo" of light beams refracted from human tissue. The technology requires no contrast fluids or preparation of body tissue.
An OCT procedure takes a few minutes and works in three steps. A fast-pulse laser shoots near-infrared light into soft tissue about 1-2 mm deep. The scattered light from the tissue reveals anatomical features when compared to a reference beam of unscattered light. Finally, data from the light beams is processed by computer software and rendered into images with microscopic clarity.
The team’s work is described in the following video:
Other category winners
Industry – Jan van den Boogaart and Oliver Hayden (Netherlands/Austria): Rapid blood test for malaria
Instead of looking for the presence of malaria pathogens in the blood through the microscope, their technique relies on a combination of 30 blood parameters to create a “data fingerprint” that rapidly identifies malaria with almost complete certainty.
Research – Laurent Lestarquit, José Ángel Ávila Rodríguez, Günter W. Hein, Jean-Luc Issler and Lionel Ries (France, Spain, Germany, Belgium): Radio signals for better satellite navigation
The signalling technologies developed by this multinational group of scientists and engineers help ensure that Europe's global navigation satellite system (GNSS), Galileo, offers extremely high positioning accuracy for a growing range of applications.
Non-EPO countries, SMEs – Günter Hufschmid (Germany): Super-sponge for oil spills
Oil and chemical spills are responsible for considerable damage to both human health and the environment. However, they may have met their match with a novel micronised wax, developed by Günter Hufschmid and his team at the German company Deurex.
Popular Prize – Adnane Remmal (Morocco): Boosting antibiotics with essential oils
Moroccan biology professor Adnane Remmal was picked by the public in an online poll to receive this year’s Popular Prize for his invention of a new tool in the global fight against drug-resistant bacteria.
Lifetime achievement – Rino Rappuoli (Italy): Novel vaccines by gene analysis
Considered the father of modern-day vaccinations, Italian microbiologist Rino Rappuoli's vaccines have made the world a safer place; his techniques to manufacture them have fundamentally changed vaccine design, including a process known as “reverse vaccinology” used to create the world's first genome-derived vaccines.