19 Mar 2014
Fiber-optics pioneer wins society's Gold Medal Award for 2014; 12 more recipients announced.
Rutgers University professor James Harrington, a pioneering researcher in the fields of fiber-optics and infrared optical materials, has won SPIE’s Gold Medal Award for 2014.
Recognising what the international optics and photonics society described as seminal contributions, Harrington’s work has led to the development of infrared transmissive fiber optics and related applications in laser power delivery, chemical and thermal sensing, and spectroscopy.
His research has resulted in real-world laser applications in surgical and industrial settings, with highlights including the invention of the hollow glass waveguide (HGW). Created at Rutgers by Harrington and his students, it is said to be one of the university’s most actively licensed technologies.
Such waveguides deliver infrared laser power and are used in fiber links for spectroscopic and thermometric applications. Harrington is also cited as inventing the hollow sapphire and alumina waveguides, now used today in laser surgery.
Harrington's forays into the commercial world have included a stint as director of infrared fiber operations at Heraeus LaserSonics, where he oversaw research and development of fiber-optics for delivering infrared laser power in surgical applications.
“M.J.” Soileau, now VP for research and commercialization at the University of Central Florida (UCF), a previous winner of SPIE’s Gold Medal and the first director of UCF’s renowned Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers (CREOL), said of Harrington:
“His scientific career has been focused on the very difficult, and often unrecognized, area of optical materials for the infrared. His work in that arena has been a major factor in the successful application of infrared lasers to medicine and national defense.”
Other work by Harrington includes the development of diffusing-tip silica fibers for use in photodynamic therapy and prostate surgery; growing single-crystal sapphire fibers using a laser-heated pedestal; and the development of infrared fibers for use in military warning receivers.
Harrington also served as the president of SPIE President back in 2002. He currently serves as treasurer at the International Commission for Optics and has also been a science advisor in the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, where he helped establish controls for dual-use high technology goods including lasers and detectors.
SPIE’s Gold Medal is the society’s highest honor, and has been awarded since 1977 in recognition of outstanding engineering or scientific accomplishments in optics, electro-optics, or photographic technologies or applications. Past winners include Harvard’s Federico Capasso, co-inventor of the quantum cascade laser, thin-film expert Angus MacLeod and laser pioneer Charles Townes.
The Gold Medal is just one of 13 awards announced by SPIE, which is also the publisher of optics.org. The full list reads:
• Gold Medal of the Society: James Harrington, Rutgers University
• Britton Chance Biomedical Optics Award: Brian Wilson, Ontario Institute for Cancer Research
• Biophotonics Technology Innovator Award: Naomi Halas, Rice University
• A.E. Conrady Award: Matthew Rimmer, retired, Optical Research Associates
• Harold E. Edgerton Award: Jeff Squier, Colorado School of Mines
• Dennis Gabor Award: Pramod Rastogi, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
• George W. Goddard Award: James Bock, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
• G.G. Stokes Award: J. Scott Tyo, University of Arizona
• Chandra S. Vikram Award in Optical Metrology: Rajpal Sirohi, Tezpur University (India)
• Frits Zernike Award in Microlithography: Mordechai Rothschild, Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Lincoln Lab
• SPIE Early Career Achievement Award: Jeremy Munday, University of Maryland
• SPIE Educator Award: Cristina Solano, Centro de Investigaciones en Optica (CIO, Mexico)
• SPIE Technology Achievement Award: Rajendra Singh, Clemson University