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Perovskite LED stack emits light 1000x brighter than regular OLEDs

08 Jan 2024

imec development promises injection laser applications in image projection, sensing, and medtech.

Belgium-based research and innovation hub Imec has developed a new type of perovskite LED stack, which, it says, emits light one thousand times brighter than state-of-the-art OLEDs.

This result, say its creators, is a “pivotal milestone towards a perovskite injection laser, promising exciting applications in image projection, environmental sensing, medical diagnostics, and beyond.”

LEDs have revolutionized modern lighting and sensing technology. From applications in homes to industry, LEDs are now used for all lighting applications, from indoor lighting over TV screens to biomedicine. Widely used organic LEDs today, for example in smartphone screens, employ organic thin-film materials as a semiconductor.

However, their maximum brightness remains limited – for example, when one considers trying to read a smartp hone screen under very sunny conditions.

Enter perovskites

Meanwhile, perovskites – a class of materials with a specific crystal structure – are proving their worth beyond solar cells. With excellent optoelectrical properties, low-cost processability and efficient charge transport, these materials have emerged in the last ten years as interesting candidates for light emission applications, such as LEDs.

However, while perovskites can withstand significantly high current densities, laser operation with the emission of high-intensity coherent light has not yet been reached.

“In the ULTRA-LUX project, imec showed for the first time a PeLED architecture with low optical losses and pumped these PeLEDs to current densities that support the stimulated emission of light”, said Prof. Paul Heremans, an imec senior fellow and principal investigator of this project.

“This novel architecture of transport layers, transparent electrodes and perovskite as the semiconductor active material, can operate at electrical current densities tens of thousands of times higher (3 kA cm-2) than conventional OLEDs can.”

“With this architecture, imec enhanced amplified spontaneous emission, with an electrical assist of the conventional optical pumping. By doing so, imec demonstrated that electrical injection contributes 13 per cent to the total amount of stimulated emission and thus approaches the threshold to achieve a thin-film injection laser,” said Robert Gehlhaar, imec project manager.

“Reaching this landmark milestone towards high-power thin-film laser diodes is paving the way to exciting new applications of thin-film perovskite lasers.”

The findings are published in a Nature Photonics paper entitled Electrically Assisted Amplified Spontaneous Emission in Perovskite Light Emitting Diodes.

The Ultra-Lux project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (Grant Agreement No.835133) with an Advanced Grant to Prof. Paul Heremans and is ongoing until September 30th, 2024.

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