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Osram reveals infrared laser bars for metal processing

08 Jul 2020

EKOLAS research project yields powerful laser bars with significant efficiency and performance values.

The number of infrared light-based applications has increased rapidly in recent years. Long before infrared LEDs and VCSELs were used as light source for face recognition in smartphones, early manufacturers developed infrared lasers.

Osram Opto Semiconductors ("OS") has over many years been developing high-power lasers for applications such as metal processing using welding robots in the automotive industry.

Now Osram and partners are presenting the results of their latest laser bars’ performance and efficiency arising from the EKOLAS project, which has been funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research.

The EffiLAS association is focused on securing and further expanding Germany's leading technological and economic position in photonics. In regard to the laser light sources, the aim is to further optimize various parameters like performance and energy efficiency.

Together, with its partners Laserline, Heraeus, Fraunhofer ILT, fiberware and Welser Profile, Osram OS has worked on various assignments in the EffiLAS joint project EKOLAS. The main aim has been to develop highly efficient infrared laser bars with outstanding output powers and to demonstrate them in industrial materials processing.

Raising the bar

About 10 years ago, the best laser bars achieved a power of 200 W with an efficiency of about 63%. Five years later, an output of 250 W at an efficiency of no less than 60% was expected to be the limit of what could be achieved with the existing technologies. Conversion efficiency and cooling limited the output power of lasers at that time.

The EKOLAS project, which was completed in February 2020, led to an infrared laser bar with a maximum output of 400 W in continuous wave operation. With an output of 300 W, the bar sets a new standard with an efficiency of about 70% in the wavelengths of 1000 and 1020 nm.

The project partners were able to draw on experience gained in other ventures under the EffiLAS umbrella organization including an understanding of materials science and simulation in the field of epitaxy, as well as fundamental expertise in chip and facet technologies.

"We are very excited to achieve, and in some cases even exceed, all of our targets in this project," commented Sebastian Hein, EKOLAS Project Manager at Osram Opto Semiconductors. "The key to success was the development of innovative software tools for simulating the electro-optical properties of the lasers, which take into account the thermal distribution, temperature-dependent material properties and mode-dependent wave propagation in the resonator.

“These tools considerably accelerated and simplified the necessary test runs, making a fundamental contribution to the results of the project.”

The new knowledge gained from the simulation of certain processes can now be transferred to other product groups and wavelengths in the range between 800 and 1060 nm. In addition to the advantages in product development, the results also strengthen and consolidate the establishment of supply chains across Europe, thereby sustainably strengthening the industrial location.

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